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How to Deal with summer related Health hazards

  • 15 April 2016
  • By Shveta Bhagat
How to Deal with summer related Health hazards

We all know with every season come health risks we need to watch out for. We also need to be wise enough in keeping them at bay and same time in case of an emergency know what to do to rid ourselves of the same. After all it is better to exercise caution than regret. However, we all sometimes succumb to nature’s fury and are resigned to bed. It is important for us to know how to safeguard ourselves against all eventualities.

Here’s your guide to taking care of potential health threats of the season with preventive measures and necessary solutions if need be.

Heat Stroke

Heat stroke, a severe form of hyperthermia, occurs when the human body absorbs more heat than it can dissipate. A condition marked by fever and often by unconsciousness, caused by failure of the body's temperature-regulating mechanism when exposed to excessively high temperatures.

Solution: It is important to lower the temperature of the body, hence immerse yourself in ice if you have too or take a cold shower. You can prevent heat stroke by wearing loose and light clothes, drink water and do not exert yourself during summer.

Prickly Heat Rash

The people most at risk for sunburn are also most vulnerable to heat rash or prickly heat rash, which emerge when heat irritates the skin, particularly around body folds.

Solution: Use cooling powder as often to absorb extra moisturiser, bathe as often and try and avoid the heat as much as possible. Calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream can relieve itching and irritation.

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is a condition whose symptoms may include heavy sweating and a rapid pulse, a result of your body overheating. It's one of three heat-related syndromes, with heat cramps being the mildest and heatstroke being the most severe.

Solution: Rest. Have cool non-alcoholic beverages, a cool shower, bath or sponge bath. Use light clothing. Rest and if nausea continues see a doctor.


Dehydration is marked by dry mouth and eyes, dry skin, a condition where sweating nearly stops, muscle cramps, nausea, heart palpitations and light headedness.

Solution: Re-hydration with lemon water, clear broths, and any other water replacements that contain electrolytes, like Gatorade. Lot of fluid intake and rest important.

Food Poisoning

This is when time, when you have to be very careful eating out. Warm weather temperatures can cause bacteria to multiply at a rapid pace. These bacteria can produce dangerous toxins that will make you sick. These bacteria cannot be seen with the naked eye, nor can you smell or taste them. Animal products and Dairy and all things containing dairy should be kept below 40 degrees F. To prevent food poisoning, discard all foods that have been left unrefrigerated, especially if in the sun, for more than two hours. It is also advisable to boost your immune system and have strong digestion to minimize effects of bacteria consumed accidentally.

Solution: Stop eating and drinking for some hours. It is usually said food poisoning clears within 48 hours. Try drinking clear soda, clear broth or peppermint tea. Add a tablespoon of crushed cumin seeds in soup. You could also keep an Ayurvedic fix called Amritdhara at home.


The ultra violent radiation burns the skin when you spend long hours under direct sun. Sunburn symptoms are patches of darkened skin peeling away.

Solutions: Try staying indoors during 10am to 4pm when the sun light is at its peak. Prevent sunburn by using sunscreens with titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, which are physical barrier type sunscreens that protect you from both UVA and UVB rays.

Foot Infection

Sweating and humidity can increase your chances of foot infection during summer.

Solution: There are several anti-bacterial powders available in medical stores. Scrub your feet and the toes thoroughly to wash off the bacteria. But for dire skin ailment consult a dermatologist.


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